Materi Direct Indirect Speech Dalam Bahasa Inggris

direct dan indirect speech bahasa inggris

Grammar and Vocabulary

Mengenal Direct dan Indirect Speech

Tahukah kamu apa itu
direct
dan
indirect speech? Di artikel boleh jadi ini, kamu akan menemukan jawabannya beserta contoh dan latihan soal.

Direct speech
alias
quoted speech
merupakan sebuah kutipan bertepatan dari mulut seseorang yang ditandai dengan

quotation mark

(“).
Indirect speech
atau
reported speech
juga memberikan informasi nan sama hanya perbedaanya adalah bukan mengutip secara langsung melainkan mendeskripsikan ucapan tersebut dengan kalimat nan berbeda.

Untuk lebih jelasnya, yuk simak contoh pengusahaan dari
direct
dan
indirect speech
di bawah ini!

1. Pergantian Tenses

Di kedua
speech
ini, terletak peralihan tenses nan perlu kerjakan ia buat. Namun ada pengecualian, yaitu seandainya kalimat purwa puas
direct speech
adalah
present tense
atau
future tense
maka lain mesti ada pergantian tenses di
indirect speech.

Contoh:

Direct Speech

  • She says, “She is ill.”

  • You say, ” I drink a cup of coffee every morning.”

  • She said, “I take yoga class once a week.”

  • Siska said, “We are watching a movie.”

  • Jonny said, “My sister have finished her class.”

Indirect Speech

  • She says that she is ill.

  • You say that you drink a cup of coffee every morning.

  • She said that she took yoga class once a week.

  • Siska said that they were watching a movie.

  • Jonny said that her sister had finished her class.

2. Perlintasan Hari

Kalau kerumahtanggaan
direct speech
terwalak permakluman waktu seperti
now, tomorrow, today, yesterday,
dan
tonight
maka lega
indirect speech
keterangan hari tersebut harus diganti.

Acuan:

Direct Speech

  • He said, “I need my phone now.”

  • My mom said, “I am going to your school today.”

  • She said, “My uncle visited me yesterday.”

  • Clay said, “I am going to Jakarta tomorrow.”

  • Clara said, “We are going to eat kebab tonight.”

Indirect Speech

  • He said that he need his phone then.

  • My mom said that she was going to my school that day.

  • She said that her uncle visited her the previous day.

  • Clay said he was going to jakarta the next day.

  • Clara said they were going to eat kebab that night.

3. Kalimat Perintah

Cak bagi menuliskan kalimat perintah lega
indirect speech
tentunya berbeda. Galibnya kalimat perintah bisa berisikan saran, permohonan, permintaan, alias pesan.

Contoh:

Direct Speech

  • My brother said to my sister, “Close the windows.”

  • She said to him, “Bring your book, please.”

  • My teacher said to me, “Don’ufuk throw the rubbish in this room.”

  • Lily said to me, “You should find a job.”

  • You said to me, “Consult a doctor.”

Indirect Speech

  • My brother ordered my sister to close the windows.

  • She requested him to bring my book.

  • My teacher forbade derita to throw the rubbish in that room.

  • Lily advised me that he should find a job.

  • You suggested me to consult a doctor.

Bagaimana? Setelah melihat penjelasan di atas pasti kamu sudah lalu memaklumi apa itu
direct
dan
indirect speech.
Cak bagi melatih kemampuanmu, yuk jawab cak bertanya latihan berikut ini.

Tuntunan Soal
  1. Direct speech: She said, “I will take English class.”

    Indirect speech: ______

  2. Direct speech: Alat pencium said to me, “I bought a new laptop.”

    Indirect speech: ______

  3. Direct speech: Siska said, “Where do you live?”

    Indirect speech: ______

  4. Direct speech: My mother says, “I like this song.”

    Indirect speech: _____

  5. Direct speech: He said, “My parents will go to museum tomorrow.”

    Indirect speech: ______

  6. Direct speech: ______

    Indirect speech: She asked me how Jonny would get here.

  7. Direct speech: _____

    Indirect speech: He said he hadn’t seen his pewarna since the previous day.

  8. Direct speech: _____

    Indirect speech: You told me he was going to your house.

  9. Direct speech: _____

    Indirect speech: She asked him to call her back later.

  10. Direct speech: _____

    Indirect speech: My friend suggested me to try a new menu in the canteen.

Itulah beberapa hal yang perlu kamu ketahui mengenai
direct
dan
indirect speech.
Jika mau berlatih
grammar
lainnya, ia bisa membaca artikel di

Grammar & Vocabulary section.


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Source: https://www.ef.co.id/englishfirst/kids/blog/mengenal-direct-dan-indirect-speech/